by Renny Masmada ·


by Renny Masmada

According A.L. Kroeber, Anthropology experts, the human race is divided into 4 major racial groups, namely:

1. Caucasoid

  • Nordic (Northern Europe around the Baltic Sea)
  • Alpine (Central and Eastern Europe)
  • Mediterranean (Mediterranean, North Africa, Armenia, Arabia and Iran)
  • Indic (Indian)

2. Mongoloid

  • Asiatic Mongoloid (North Asia, Central Asia and East Asia)
  • Malayan Mongoloid (Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines)
  • American Mongoloid (The Eskimos in North America until the inhabitants of Terra del Fuego in South America)

3. Negroid

  • African Negroid (African continent)
  • Negrito (Central Africa, most of Malaysia and some of the Philippines)
  • Melanesian (Papua / New Guinea and Melanesia)

4. Special races (not classified)

  • Bushman (in the Kalahari desert in South Africa)
  • Veddoid (rural Sri Lanka, South Sulawesi)
  • Austroloid (Native Australian)
  • Polynesian (islands of Micronesia and Polynesia)
  • Ainu (Karafuto islands, Hokkaido in northern Japan)

The Indonesian nation consists of several major races of Mongoloid race, Melanesian race, and race Veddoid.

According to Djoko Pramono in his book Budaya Bahari (Maritime Culture), most theories about the prehistoric cultures that come from the West to explain that the Indonesian nation ancestors came from mainland Southeast Asia (Indochina/Yunan) in two major waves of migration is expected around the year 5000 BC and 2000 BC.

In the same book, Djoko Pramono would give a different hypothesis. Some theories would indicate firmly that the ancestors of the Indonesian nation has existed since thousands of years before the big migrants.

Around the year 10.000 BC, the ancestor of the Indonesian nation has settled at least on the islands of Muna, Seram and Arguni. This was revealed by the findings of the history of rock caves containing paintings. And the painting is filled with a lot of sailboat paintings as a principal instrument in their marine life.

In addition, other findings are finding some evidence of prehistoric Aboriginal tribe in Australia the year 25,000 BC that have a common character with the evidence found on the island of Java.

Long before that, in Indonesia, many found the fossils thought to be the oldest man on earth Nusantara Raya.

In 1941, J. Von Konigswald, found the fossil mandible, which is strongly suspected as the jaws of humans alive at the time of the Inter-Pluvial I-II (approximately more than 400,000 BC). Findings from the Solo River valley was named Meganthropus Palaeojavanicus.

Also in the Solo River valley, near the village of Trinil, District Kedung Galar, Ngawi regency, East Java, a Dutch expert Eugene DuBois found fossils of a skull, some teeth and a thigh bone in 1890, which later was named Pithecanthropus Erectus (human apes that walk upright), who lived at about 750,000 years ago.

Successively later also found near the village of Ngandong, in the valley of Solo, the fossils are then specifically named Homo Soloensis.

In the village Wajak, Tulungagung, East Java also found fossils of humans who allegedly lived at the time of the End-Pluvial IV (estimated at 100,000 years BC) was named Homo Wajakensis.

Also strong evidence findings Marina kingdom in Madagascar, which was founded by immigrants from the Nusantara in the era before Christ. It is quite interesting if we understand the distance between the Nusantara to Madagascar is located around 6500 km.

Prehistoric findings above provide a very strong indication, that Indonesia is a great nation that was already inhabiting the country is far tens or even hundreds of years before Christ.

Prehistoric findings above also suggests that the strong life of the Indonesian nation ancestors with marine life. As an accomplished sailor, they proved able to navigate the world down to the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

Salam Nusantara..!


  1. aksesoris kulit ikan pari Says:

    wah artikelnya menggugah selera nih..bagus banget, sangat memotivasi dan menginspirasi

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